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Stories of Personal Courage

Names of 700 Polish citizens who died while helping their Jewish neighbors

Dutch Rescuer
Dr. Julius Zubli

at Yad Vashem

She Hid Jews in a Nazi Officer's Villa

John Damski

Teenager Saved Jewish Neighbors in Poland

Women and Children

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Yad Vashem - The Righteous Among the Nations

The Yad Vashem museum in Israel, founded in 1953, honors both Holocaust martyrs and "the Righteous Among the Nations," Gentile (non-Jewish) rescuers who have been recognized for their "compassion, courage and morality" because they "risked their lives to save the lives of Jews." Poland ranks first among 40 nations with 6,266 men and women, almost one-third of the total, despite the fact that only in Poland were citizens (and their loved ones) immediately executed if caught trying to save Jews.

Many prominent Jews and their families owe their lives to these brave but rarely acknowledged people. For example, Abraham Foxman, director of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai Brith/USA, was saved by a Polish Catholic nanny who had him baptized as a Catholic and began raising him as her son in order to save him. - Edward Lucaire

Righteous Among the Nations - per Country & Ethnic Origin January 1, 2011

These figures are not necessarily an indication of the actual number of rescuers in each country, but reflect the cases that were made available to Yad Vashem.

Albania
69
Latvia
129
Armenia
19
Lithuania
800
Austria
88
Luxembourg
1
Belarus
555
Macedonia
10
Belgium
1,584
Moldova
79
Bosnia
40
Montenegro
1
Brazil
2
Netherlands**
5,108
Bulgaria
19
Norway
47
Chile
1
Poland
6,266
China
2
Portugal
2
Croatia
102
Romania
60
Czech Republic
108
Russia
173
Denmark*
22
Serbia
131
El Salvador
1
Slovakia
522
Estonia
3
Slovenia
6
France
3,331
Spain
4
Georgia
1
Sweden
10
Germany
495
Switzerland
45
Great Britiain
(Incl. Scotland)
14
Turkey
1
Greece
307
Ukraine
2,363
Hungary
764
USA
3
Italy
498
Vietnam
1
Japan
1
Total: 23,788

* The Danish Underground requested that all its members who participated in the rescue of the Jewish community not be listed individually, but commemorated as one group.

** Includes two persons originally from Indonesia, but residing in the Netherlands.

Source: http://www.yadvashem.org.il/righteous/index_righteous.htm

© 2012 Terese Pencak Schwartz

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